Publications

Refereed Publications

  1. Durand, S., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, and J-C Michel. 2021. The use of wood fiber for reducing risks of hydrophobicity in peat-based substrates. Agronomy 11(5):1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050907
  2. Li, Q., H. Cheng, M. Li, O. Truong, J. Li, H, Lin, M. Naik, S. Xiang, B. E. Jackson, W. Kuo, W. Wu, Y. Pu, A. Ragauskas, and J. Yuan. 2021. Enhancing the multi-functional properties of renewable lignin carbon fiber via defining the structure-property relationship using different biomass feedstocks. Green Chem. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0GC03828H
  3. Michel, J-C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2021. The use of coir for reducing risks of peat-based substrate hydrophobicity. Acta Hortic. 1305:449-454.
  4. Smith, J.T., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2021. Industrial hemp vegetative growth affected by substrate composition. Acta Hortic. 1305:83-89.
  5. Suchoff, D.H., B.E. Jackson, C. C. Gunter, J. R. Schulthesis, and F.J. Louws. 2021. Non-destructive characterization of grafted tomato root systems using the mini-horhizotron. Acta Hortic. 1302:209-214.
  6. Fields, J.S., W.C. Fonteno, B.E. Jackson, J.L. Heitman, and J.S. Owen, Jr. 2020. The use of dewpoint hygrometry to measure low water potentials in soilless substrate components and composites. Agronomy 10(9)1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091393
  7. Schulker, B.A., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, J.L. Heitman, and J.P. Albano. 2020. Comparison of water capture efficiency through two irrigation techniques of three common greenhouse soilless substrate components. Agronomy 10(9)1-14.
  8. Shreckhise, J.H., J.S. Owen Jr., M.J. Eick, A.X. Niemiera, J.E. Altland, and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Dolomite and micronutrient fertilizer affect phosphorus fate when growing crape myrtle in pine bark. HortScience 55:832-840.
  9. Bartley, P.C., A. Amoozegar, W.C. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Particle density of substrate components measured by gas pycnometer. Acta Hortic. 1273:17-21.
  10. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2020. Liming requirements of greenhouse peat-based substrates amended with pine wood chips as a perlite alternative. HortTechnology https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04506-19
  11. Bertucci, M.B., P.C. Bartley III., K.M. Jennings, D.W. Monks, and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Verification of palmer amaranth seed production estimates using a computerized particle analyzer. Agri. and Environ. Letters. https://doi.org/10.1002/ael2.20003
  12. Hembree, W.G., T.G. Ranney, N.P. Lynch, and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Identification, genome size, and ploidy of Deutzia. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS04779-19
  13. Harris, C.N., R.W. Dickson, P.R. Fisher, B.E. Jackson, and A.M. Poleatewich. 2019. Evaluating peat substrates amended with pinewood fiber for nitrogen immobilization and effects on plant performance with container-grown petunia. HortTech. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04526-19
  14. Bartley, P.C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. 3-Dimensional characterization of substrates with X-ray microtomography. Acta Hortic. 1266:1-6.
  15. Bartley, P.C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. Computerized particle analyzer: the next generation of particle analysis. Acta Hortic. 1266:97-102.
  16. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, and J.M. Kemble. 2019. Harvest yields of greenhouse tomatoes grown in pine bark amended cotton gin compost. Acta Hortic. 1266:193-200.
  17. Kaderabek, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. The mini-horhizotron as a tool for assessing disease severity in container-grown annuals. Acta Hortic. 1266:381-388.
  18. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, W.C. Fonteno, and D.M. Benson. 2019. Assessing the severity of damping-off caused by Pythium ultimum and Rhizoctina solani in peat-based greenhouse substrates amended with pinewood chip aggregates. Acta Hortic. 1266:27-34.
  19. Smith, J.T., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. Wettability and hydrology of various wood fiber substrates and substrate components. Acta Hortic. 1266:437-442.
  20. Whipker, B.E., W.G. Owen, B.E. Jackson, and I. McCall. 2019. Low substrate pH can affect plant growth without inducing leaf symptomology of petunia and poinsettia. Acta Hortic. 1266:255-260.
  21. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. Hydration efficiency and wettability of two biochars. Acta Hortic. 1266:201-206.
  22. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, D. Hesterberg, M. Boyette, M.R. Evans, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. Assessing biochar as a lime replacement for peat substrates. Acta Hortic. 1266:21-26.
  23. Miller, G.L., G.D. Pinnix, P.C. Bartley III, R.K. McCauley, and B.E. Jackson. 2019. Evaluation of turfgrass clippings from mulching versus side discharge mower operation. Crop, Forage, and Turfgrass Management. 5:190050. doi:10.2134/cftm2019.06.0050
  24. Bartley, P.C. III, B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2019. Effect of particle length to width ratio on sieving accuracy and precision. Powder Tech. 355:349-354.
  25. Hembree, W.G., T.G. Ranney, B.E. Jackson, and M. Weathington. 2019. Cytogenetics, ploidy, and genome sizes of Camellia and related genera. HortScience 54:1124-1142.
  26. Stewart, C.J., S.C. Marble, B.E. Jackson, B.J. Pearson, P.C. Wilson, and D.K. Lauer. 2019. Influence of pine bark substrate age on performance and leaching of nursery preemergence herbicides. HortScience 54:896-902.
  27. Stewart, C.J., S.C. Marble, B.E. Jackson, B.J. Pearson, and P.C. Wilson. 2018. Effects of three fertilization methods on weed growth and herbicide performance in soilless nursery substrates. J. Environ. Hort. 36:133-139.
  28. Altland, J.E., J.S. Owen Jr., B.E. Jackson, and J.S. Fields. 2018. Physical and hydraulic properties of commercial pine-bark substrate products used in production of containerized crops. HortScience 53:1883-1890.
  29. J.S. Fields, J.S. Owen, J.E. Altland, M.W. van Iersel, and B.E. Jackson. 2018. Soilless substrate hydrology can be engineered to influence plant water status for an ornamental containerized crop grown within optimal water potentials. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 143:268-281.
  30. Henry, J., I. McCall, B.E. Jackson, and B.E. Whipker. 2017. Herbaceous ornamentals growth response to phosphorus fertilization. HortScience 52:1362-1367.
  31. Jackson, B.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. An overview of new and revised methodologies and technologies in substrate analysis and characterization. Acta Hort. 1168:365-375.
  32. Michel, J.-C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Classification of organic substrates’ wettability from contact angle measurements and hydration efficiency tests. Acta Hort. 1168:199-206.
  33. Jackson, B.E., L.A. Judd, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Rhizometer root tracing techniques and digital image analysis for assessing and quantifying seedling root growth in substrates. Acta Hort. 1168:311-316.
  34. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Pine wood chip aggregates for greenhouse substrates:Effect of age on plant growth. Acta Hort. 1168:269-275.
  35. Blok, C., B.E. Jackson, X.Guo, P.H.B de Visser, and L.F.M. Marcelis. 2017. Maximum plant uptakes for water, nutrients, and oxygen are not always met by irrigation rate and distribution in water-based cultivation systems. Front. Plant Sci. 8:563. doi 10.3389/fpls.2017.00562
  36. Evans, M.R., B.E. Jackson, M. Popp, and S. Sadaka. 2017. Chemical properties of biochar materials manufactured from agricultural products common to the southeast United States. HortTechnology 27:16-23.
  37. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2016. Paclobutrazol drench activity not affected in sphagnum peat-based substrates amended with pine wood chip aggregates. HortTechnology 26:156-163.
  38. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2016. Pine wood chips as an alternative to perlite in greenhouse substrates: Nitrogen requirements. HortTechnology 26:199-205.
  39. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2016. Measuring root hydraulic conductivity of container-grown herbaceous and wood plants using the hydraulic conductance flow meter. HortScience 51:192-196.
  40. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2015. Advancements in Root Growth Measurement Technologies and Observation Capabilities for Container-Grown Plants. Plants 2015, 4:369-392.
  41. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2015. Rhizometer: An Apparatus to Observe and Measure Root Growth and Its Effect on Container Substrate Physical Properties Over Time. HortScience 50:288-294.
  42. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, T.C. Yap, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Mini-Horhizotron: an apparatus for observing and measuring root growth of container-grown plant material in situ. HortScience 49:1424-1431.
  43. Riley, E.D., H.T. Kraus, T.E. Bilderback, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Composted cotton stalks and cotton gin trash amendments and irrigation/ground cover management I: effect on physical and chemical properties of pine bark and pine tree substrates. J. Environ. Hort. 32:133-140.
  44. Fields, J.S., W.C. Fonteno, B.E. Jackson, J.L. Heitman, and J.S. Owen, Jr. 2014. Hydrological properties, moisture retention, and draining profiles of wood and traditional components for greenhouse substrates. HortScience 49:827-832.
  45. Fields, J.S., W.C. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Hydration efficiency of traditional and alternative greenhouse substrate components. HortScience 49:336-342.
  46. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Rhizometrics: A review of three in situ techniques for observation and measurement of plant root systems in containers. Acta. Hort. 1034:389-397.
  47. Fonteno, W.C., J.S. Fields, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Plant available and unavailable water in greenhouse substrates: assessment and considerations. Acta. Hort. 1034:341-346.
  48. Kraus, H., T. Bilderback, R. Pledger, E. Riley, B. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Defining rain garden filter bed substrates based on saturated hydraulic conductivity. Acta. Hort. 1034:57-64.
  49. Fonteno, W.C., J.S. Fields, and B.E. Jackson. 2013. A pragmatic approach to wettability and hydration of horticultural substrates. Acta. Hort. 1013:139-146.
  50. Bilderback, T.E., J.S. Owen, Jr., J.E. Altland, G.B. Fain, B.E. Jackson, E.D. Riley, H.T. Kraus, and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Strategies for developing sustainable substrates in nursery crop production. Acta Hort. 1013:43-56.
  51. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and M.C. Barnes. 2010. Methods of Constructing a Pine Tree Substrate from Various Wood Particle Sizes, Organic Amendments, and Sand for Desired Physical Properties and Plant Growth. HortScience 45:103-112.
  52. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, N.Gruda. 2009. Container Medium pH in a Pine Tree Substrate Amended with Peatmoss and Dolomitic Limestone Affects Plant Growth. HortScience 44(7):1983–1987.
  53. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright and M.M. Alley. 2009. Comparison of fertilizer nitrogen availability, nitrogen immobilization, substrate carbon dioxide efflux, and nutrient leaching in peat-lite, pine bark, and pine tree substrates. HortScience 44:781-790.
  54. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright and J.R. Seiler. 2009. Changes in chemical and physical properties of pine tree substrate and pine bark during long-term nursery crop production. HortScience 44:791-799.
  55. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2009. Pine tree substrate: An alternative and renewable growing media for horticulture crop production. Acta Hort. 819:265-272.
  56. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, M.C. Barnes, and J.F. Browder. 2009. The landscape performance of annual bedding plants grown in pine tree substrate. HortTechnology 19:78-82.
  57. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and M.C. Barnes. 2008. Pine tree substrate, nitrogen rate, particle size, and peat amendment affects poinsettia growth and substrate physical properties. HortScience 43:2155-2161.
  58. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, J.F. Browder, J. Roger Harris, and A.X. Niemiera. 2008. Effect of fertilizer rate on growth of azalea and holly in pine bark and pine tree substrates. HortScience 43:1561-1568.
  59. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, J.F. Browder, and J.G. Latimer. 2008. Growth of chrysanthemum in ground pine trees requires additional fertilizer. HortTechnology 18:111-115.
  60. Wright, A.N., R.D. Wright, B.E. Jackson, and J.F. Browder. 2007. Effect of backfill composition on post-transplant root growth of Kalmia latifolia L. J. Environ. Hort. 25:145-149.
  61. Dute, R.R., B.E. Jackson, R.D. Atkins, and D.R. Folkerts. 2007. Anatomy of the laminar organs of Commelina erecta. Southeastern Naturalist 6:47-66.
  62. Wright, R.D., J.F. Browder, and B.E. Jackson. 2006. Ground pine chips as a substrate for container-grown woody nursery crops. J. Environ. Hort. 24:181-184.
  63. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, D.M. Cole, and J.L. Sibley. 2005. Cotton gin compost as a substrate component in container production of nursery crops. J. Environ. Hort. 23:118-122.
  64. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, J.L. Sibley, and J.M. Kemble. 2005. Root growth of three horticultural crops grown in pine bark amended cotton gin compost. J. Environ. Hort. 23:133-137.

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Popular Press Articles

  1. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Preconditioning Wood Substrates for Greenhouse Crop Production. Greenhouse Product News, November Issue, 30(11):18-21.
  2. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Growing from the Ground-Up: Poinsettia and Mum Production in Wood Substrates. Greenhouse Product News, December Issue, 30(12):24-27.
  3. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Most Asked Questions About Growing in Wood Substrates. Greenhouse Canada, December Issue, 40(11):30-32.
  4. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Soilless Substrate Selection: Find the Right Product and Partner. Cannabis Business Times, October Issue, 6(10):58-60.
  5. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Horticultural Uses of Bark and Bark Products. Nursery Management, June Issue, 36(6):14-24.
  6. Jackson, B.E. 2020. In Praise of Pinus sp. Nursery Management, July Issue, 36(7):26-28,38.
  7. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Barkitecture: Design, Engineering, and Formulating Bark Substrates. Nursery Management, August Issue, 36(8):14-20.
  8. Jackson, B.E. 2020. The Marriage of Bark and Wood. Nursery Management, October Issue, 36(10):10-14.
  9. Jackson, B.E. and L.E. Barth. 2020. Substrate Maturation: How the Age of Pine Bark Influences Nitrogen Use, pH, and PGR Efficacy. Nursery Management, November Issue, 36(11):16-19.
  10. Jackson, B.E. and L.E. Barth. 2020. Aging in Place. Nursery Management, December Issue, 36(12):12-16.
  11. Jackson, B.E. 2020. The Ins and Outs of Breaking Down Wood Substrates. Greenhouse Grower, October Issue, 38(10):26-29.
  12. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Wood Substrates: How Long Can They Go? Greenhouse Grower, November Issue, 38(11):24-28.
  13. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Can Wood Substrates Be Phytotoxic to Greenhouse Crops? Greenhouse Management, June Issue, 40(6):42-46.
  14. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Methods of Mitigating Toxicity in Fresh Wood Substrates. Greenhouse Management, Sept. Issue, 40(9):50-54.
  15. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Innovations and Challenges in the World of Sustainable Soilless Substrates. AmericanHort Connect, April Issue, 6-7.
  16. Schulker, A. B., B.E. Jackson, and B. Fonteno. 2020. Good to the Last Drop. GrowerTalks, May Issue, 84(1):58-60.
  17. Hudgins, J.C. and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Chasing pH in Wood Substrates. GrowerTalks, March. Issue, 83(11)62-64.
  18. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Wood Substrates in Food and Cannabis Production. GrowerTalks, Feb. Issue, Insider Grower, 83(10):16-18.
  19. Jackson, B.E. 2020. Options for Wood Substrates: Making, Mixing, or Buying. GrowerTalks, Jan. Issue, 83(9)56-60.
  20. Marble, C. and B.E. Jackson. 2020. Herbicide Performance Parameters: How Substrate Age Effects Preemergence Herbicides. Nursery Management, Jan. Issue, 36(1)16-24.
  21. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2019. Changing The Game: Crops in Tree-based Substrates May Need Additional Sulfur in Their Diet. Greenhouse Management, Dec. Issue, 39(12)36-40.
  22. Jackson, B.E. 2019. Wood Substrates: Supplies, Sources & Sustainability. GrowerTalks, Nov. Issue, 83(7)62-63.
  23. Jackson, B.E. 2019. Experts Discuss Opportunities in Soilless Culture. Greenhouse Grower, Nov. Issue 37(11)30-32.
  24. Jackson, B.E. 2019. Quenching the Thirst! Substrate Hydration and Wettability. Greenhouse Management, Sept. Issue, 39(9)34-39.
  25. Jackson, B.E. 2019. Recycling: Risks and Rewards. Greenhouse Management, June Issue, 39(6):42-46.
  26. Siasou, E., Jackson, B.E., and D. Rijkers. 2019. World of WoodFibre. ICL Professional Horticulture, Information Leaflet #2.
  27. Siasou, E., Jackson, B.E., and D. Rijkers. 2019. WoodFibre. ICL Professional Horticulture, Information Leaflet #1.
  28. Jackson, B.E. and J.T. Smith. 2019. A Good Partnership: How Substrates Amended with Wood Affect the Use of PGRs. GrowerTalks, February, 82(10):44-46.
  29. Jackson, B.E. 2019. Soilless Culture: On the Forefront of Science and Innovation. Greenhouse Product News, January Issue, 29(1):14.
  30. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Challenges and Considerations of Using Wood Substrates: Chemical Properties. Greenhouse Grower, October Issue, 36(10):46-50.
  31. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Challenges and Considerations of Using Wood Substrates: Physical Properties. Greenhouse Grower, November Issue, 36(11):28-30.
  32. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Challenges and Considerations of Using Wood Substrates: Biological Properties. Greenhouse Grower, December Issue, 36(12):52-54.
  33. Jackson, B.E., B. Fonteno, and B.E. Whipker. 2018. Media Matters: Your Complete Guide to Substrates. Cannabis Business Times. November, 4(11):58-66.
  34. Jackson, B.E., J.T. Smith, and B. Fonteno. 2018. What Lies Beneath: Properties, Potentials, and Perceptions of Cannabis Substrates. Cannabis Business Times. September, 4(9):34-44.
  35. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Substrates on Trial: Wood Fiber in the Spotlight. Greenhouse Management, September, 38(9):52-56.
  36. Jackson, B.E. 2018. International Symposium on Growing Media, Soilless Cultivation, and Compost Utilization in Horticulture. Chronica Horticulturae, June, 58(2):42-43
  37. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Why wood? Why now? Greenhouse Management, June, 38(6):48-50.
  38. Jackson, B.E. 2018. Substrates International. GrowerTalks, April, 81(12):60-62.
  39. Jackson, B.E. 2018. The Role of Wood Substrates in Controlled Environment Vegetable and Fruit Production Systems. Produce Grower, March, 38(3):24-25.
  40. Bartley III, P.C., B.E. Jackson, and B. Fonteno. 2018. If Superman Were a Substrate Scientist. GrowerTalks, March, 81(11):64-65.
  41. Bartley III, P.C., B.E. Jackson, and B. Fonteno. 2018. A New Look at Substrates. GrowerTalks, February, 81(10):50-51.
  42. Jackson, B.E. 2018. All Things Fiber: An American Perspective. AHDB Growing Media Review (United Kingdom). Page 9.
  43. Jackson, B.E. 2017. The International Growing Media Symposium Comes to the U.S. Greenhouse Grower, December, 35(12):28.
  44. Kaderabek, L.E., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Pine Bark Handling and Aging: Effects on Substrate Physical Properties. American Nurseryman, June, 217(6):18-21.
  45. Kaderabek, L.E., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Pine Bark Handling and Aging: Effects on Substrate Hydrologic Properties. American Nurseryman, July, 217(7):20-23.
  46. Kaderabek, L.E., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. Pine Bark Handling and Aging: Effects on Substrate Chemical Properties. American Nurseryman, August, 217(8):20-23.
  47. Jackson, B.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 2017. NC State University: solving problems and creating opportunities for the soil and mulch industry. Soil & Mulch Producer News. Vol. XI, No. 2
  48. Jackson, B.E. and P.C. Bartley III. February 2017. Wood substrates: The plant’s perspective. 80(10)54-56.
  49. Jackson, B.E. January 2017. The pros of processed pine. Nursery Management and Production 28-34.
  50. Jackson, B.E. 2016. Wood works as an alternative to peat. GrowerTalks, November, 80(6)50-55.
  51. Jackson, B.E. 2016. The evolution and revolution of wood substrates. Greenhouse Grower, November, 34(11)36-40.
  52. Jackson, B.E. and N.C. Bragg. 2016. A global perspective: Use of wood substrate components is on the rise. FloraCulture International. September, pp. 30-31.
  53. Judd, L.A. and B.E. Jackson. 2016. Investigating two biochars in soilless substrates. Nursery & Landscape Notes. Summer 2016. pp 45-48.
  54. Jackson, B.E. 2015. Built for Use. Perspectives. Summer 2015:10-15.
  55. Jackson, B.E. 2014. Substrate Discrepancies. Nursery Management. October, 30(10):14-26.
  56. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Liming requirements and pH modification for pine wood chips as an alternative to perlite. Greenhouse Grower. August, 32(9)67-71.
  57. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Fertilization requirements for pine wood chips as an alternative to perlite. Greenhouse Grower. July, 32(8):64-70.
  58. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, B.E. Whipker, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. How pine wood chips in substrates affect plant growth regulators. Greenhouse Grower. June, 32(7):56-58.
  59. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson. 2014. The processing and properties of pine wood chips. Greenhouse Grower. May, 32(6):48-54.
  60. Taylor, M.D. and B.E. Jackson. 2014. The beef on biochar: understanding its potential uses in the horticulture industry. AmericanHort News. April. 7 pp.
  61. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Keeping an eye on root development. American Nurseryman. June 30(1):22-27.
  62. Jackson, B.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. New media components – are they worth their weight in dirt? OFA Bulletin No. 939:14-18.
  63. Fonteno, W.C. and B.E. Jackson. 2011. Improving greenhouse substrates. Greenhouse Production News 21(6)24-28.
  64. Jackson, B.E. November 2009. Pine tree substrates for greenhouse crops. Greenhouse Production News 14-18.
  65. Jackson, B.E. September 2009. Back to the grind: pine tree substrate encourages prolific root growth in container plants. Nursery Management and Production 28-34.
  66. Jackson, B.E. 2009 A suitable substrate alternative. American Nurseryman 209 (9): 28-33.
  67. R.D. Wright and B.E. Jackson. 2008. A new substrate for container crops. American Nurseryman 208 (3):26-32.
  68. R.D. Wright, J.F. Browder and B.E. Jackson. January 2007. Ground pine chips as a container substrate. Nursery Management and Production 86-88.

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Research Proceedings

  1. Bartley III, P.C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2016. All particles matter: the impact of characterizing horticultural substrates. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 66
  2. Kaderabek, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2016. Changes in the physical, chemical, and hydrological properties of pine bark over twelve months of aging. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 66
  3. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Water retention of processed pine wood and pine bark and their particle size fractions. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 64:
  4. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, M.D. Boyette, and M.E. Evans. 2014. Changes in root growth and physical properties in substrates containing charred and uncharred wood aggregates. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 64:
  5. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, M.D. Boyette, and M.R. Evans. 2014. Comparison of charred and uncharred wood aggregates in horticultural substrates. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:18-26.
  6. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, and J.L. Heitman. 2014. Physical and hydrologic properties of processed pine bark and pine wood. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:50-56.
  7. Kaderabek, L.E., W.C. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Effects of hydrogels on timing and severity of wilt in container-grown annuals. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:37-43.
  8. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, and J.L. Heitman. 2013. Measuring substrate water potential changes during plant wilt. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:143-146.
  9. Kaderabek, L.E., E.C. Lookabaugh, W.G. Owen, L.A, B.E. Jackson, H.D. Shew, and D.M. Benson. 2013. Measuring disease severity of Pythium spp. and Rhizotonia solani in substrates containing pine wood chips. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:135-140.
  10. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Mini-horhizotron: a novel technique for observing and quantifying root systems of plants in pot culture. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:18-23.
  11. Jackson, B.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Current issues and recent advances in the container substrate industry. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:13-17.
  12. Fields, J.S., B.E. Jackson and W.C. Fonteno. 2012. Pine bark physical properties influenced by bark source and age. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:433-437.
  13. Yap, T.C and B.E. Jackson. 2012. Root growth of horticultural crops as influenced by pine bark age, wood and sand amendment. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:443-446.
  14. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson and W.C. Fonteno. 2012. Novel methods for observing and quantifying root growth of horticultural crops. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:389-394.
  15. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno and B.E. Whipker. 2012. Pine wood chips as an alternative to perlite: cultural parameters to consider. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:345-349.
  16. Bridges, E.D., H.T. Kraus, B.E. Jackson and T.E. Bilderback. 2011. Cotton amended substrates: wrinkle free? Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 56:241-245.
  17. Jackson, B.E., H. Kraus, T. Bilderback. 2010. What to do when pine bark runs short: physical properties of pine bark alternatives. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 55:413-418.
  18. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, and M.C. Barnes. 2009. White pine as a pine tree substrate. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 54:221-223.
  19. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2008. Changes in physical properties of a pine tree substrate in containers over time. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 58:93-98.
  20. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, and M.C. Barnes. 2008. Pine tree substrate construction for optimal water holding capacity and air space. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 53:54-56.
  21. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2008. Nitrogen immobilization in a pine tree substrate during short-term crop production. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 53:51-53.
  22. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2007. Pine tree substrate: fertility requirements for nursery and greenhouse crops. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 57:680-684.
  23. Wright, R.D. and B.E. Jackson. 2007. Pine tree substrate: A promising alternative to peat moss and pine bark. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 57:632-635.
  24. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2007. Pine tree substrate: fertility requirements. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 52:58-61.
  25. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and J.O. James. 2007. Pine tree substrate: current status. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 52:53-57.
  26. Jackson, B.E., J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Comparison of nutrient requirements between pine chip and pine bark substrates. Comp. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 56:623-626.
  27. Jackson, B.E., J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. A comparison of nutrient requirements between pine chip and pine bark substrates. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 51:30-32.
  28. Saunders, T., J.F. Browder, B.E. Jackson, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Particle size of a pine chips substrate affects plant growth. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 51:46-48.
  29. Rau, B., B.E. Jackson, J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Wood substrates derived from a variety of tree species affect plant growth, Proc, Southern Nursery Assoc, Research Conf, 51:43-45.
  30. Browder, J.F., J. Smithson, B.E. Jackson, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Pine chips: peat substrate ratios affect plant growth, Proc, Southern Nursery Assoc, Research Conf, 51:98-99.
  31. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, and J.L. Sibley. 2005. Effect of cotton gin compost and pine bark substrate blends on root growth of two horticulture crops. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 50:54-58.
  32. Wright, A.N., B.E. Jackson, R.D. Wright, and J.F. Browder. 2005. Effect of backfill composition on post-transplant root growth. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 50:548-550.
  33. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, and J.L. Sibley. 2004. Cotton gin compost as a substrate component in container production of ornamental plants. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 49:67-69.

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Additional Articles

  1. Basiri Jahromi, N. and A. Fulcher. 2019. What is biochar and how different biochar can improve your crops. W829 University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, 1-6.
  2. Owen, W.G. 2019. How PGR drenches can work in wood fiber substrates. Greenhouse Grower, May Issue, 37(5):40-42.
  3. Zheng, Y. 2019. Integrated rootzone management: Is it key to production success? Greenhouse Canada. March/April Issue 2019, 18-24.
  4. Bugbee, B. and R. Heins. 2019. Wood products in the root zone. Greenhouse Product News, February Issue, 29(2):22-27.
  5. Gaches, W.G., G.B. Fain, D.J. Eakes, C.H. Gilliam, and J.L. Sibley. 2010. A comparison of Wholetree and chipped pine log substrate components in the production of greenhouse annuals. J. Environ. Hort. 28:173-178.
  6. Gaches, W.G., G.B. Fain, D.J. Eakes, C.H. Gilliam, and J.L. Sibley. 2011. Comparison of aged and fresh Wholetree as a substrate component for production of greenhouse-grown annuals. J. Environ. Hort. 29:39-44.
  7. Barrett, G.E., P.D. Alexander, J.S. Robinson, and N.C. Bragg. 2016. Achieving environmentally sustainable growing media for soilless plant cultivation systems – A review. Scientia Hort. 212:220-234.
  8. Carlile, W.R., C. Cattivello, and P. Zaccheo. 2016. Organic growing media: Constituents and properties. Valdose. 1-13.
  9. Cernansky, R. 2015. State-Of-The-Art-Soil. Nature 517:258-260.
  10. A.X. Niemiera, L.L. Taylor, and J.H. Shreckhise. 2014. Urea hydrolysis in pine tree substrate is affected by urea and lime rates. HortScience 49:1437-1443.
  11. Taylor, L.L., A.X. Niemiera, R.D. Wright, G.K. Evanylo, and W.E. Thomason. 2013. Nitrification in pine tree substrate is influenced by storage time and amendments. HortScience 48:115-122.
  12. Taylor, L.L., A.X. Niemiera, R.D. Wright, and J.R. Harris. 2012. Storage time and amendments affect pine tree substrate properties and marigold growth. HortScience 47:1782-1788.
  13. Altland, J.E. and C.R. Krause. 2012. Substituting pine wood for pine bark affects physical properties of nursery substrates. HortScience 47:1499-1503.
  14. Pruett, W.J. 2011. The future of substrates. Digger Magazine. March 19-23.
  15. Moran, N. 2014. Mixing it up. Greenhouse Management. Sept. 26-30.
  16. I. Domeno, I. Irigoyen, and J. Muro. 2010. New wood fibre substrates characterization and evaluation in hydroponic tomato culture. Europ. J. Hort. Sci. 75:89-94.
  17. G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, J.L. Sibley, C.R. Boyer, and A.L. Witcher. 2008. WholeTree substrates and fertilizer rate in production of greenhouse-grown petunia (Petunia x hybrida Vilm.) and marigold (Tagetes patula L.). HortScience 43:700-705.
  18. G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, J.L. Sibley, and C.R. Boyer. 2008. WholeTree substrates derived from three species of pine in production of annual vinca. HortTechnology 18:13-17.
  19. Boyer, C.R., G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, T.V. Gallagher, H.A. Torbert, and J.L. Sibley. 2008. Clean chip residual: a substrate component for growing annuals. HortTechnology 18:423-432.
  20. Witcher, A.L., E.K. Blythe, G.B. Fain, and K.J. Curry. 2014. Stem cutting propagation in whole pine tree substrates. HortTechnology 24:30-37.
  21. Boyer, C.R., T.V. Gallagher, C.H. Gilliam, G.B. Fain, H.A. Torbert, and J.L. Sibley. 2012. Description of clean chip residual forest harvest and its availability for horticultural uses in the Southeastern United States. HortTechnology 22:381-387.
  22. Wright, R.D. and J.F. Browder. 2005. Chipped Pine Logs: A Potential Substrate for Greenhouse and Nursery Crops. HortScience 40:1513-1515.
  23. Gruda, N, B.J. Rau, and R.D. Wright. 2009. Laboratory Bioassay and Greenhouse Evaluation of a Pine Tree Substrate Used as a Container Substrate. Eur. J. Hort. Sci. 74:73-78.
  24. Wright, R. and J. Latimer, J. 2007. Grinding Pine Logs to Use as a Container Substrate. Greenhouse Production News, January 2007.

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